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Gaelic psalm singing
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Greentrax sells tapes from the School of Scottish studies and one of
these is Gaelic psalm singing from Lewis. The album reference is
CDTRAX/CTRAX 9006. mailto: firstname.lastname@example.org
Some info from the liner notes, by Morag MacLeod
"Lowland Scots took well to ballad metre, which was familiar to them in folksong, & 'reading the line' ("precenting" in Scottish tradition, "lining-out" in American Southern tradition) became so much a part of the church's praise that it came to be regarded as a venerable Scottish custom. Later church music reformers campaigned to abolish it, and it gradually became extinct, except in Gaelic-speaking areas.
When the psalms were translated into Gaelic the metre used was again
ballad metre, so that the same Lowland tunes could be used. This metre was
and is entirely alien to Gaelic literature and any other Gaelic poetry
composed in it is parody. The way in which 'reading the line' broke up
the quatrain into eight lines of differing length may have been a welcome
alleviation of ballad metre for the Gaelic singer.
The person who read the line became known as the precentor. Nowadays it
is the precentor's duty not only to let the congregation hear clearly the
text it is to sing next, but also to give a hint of the melody line by
pinpointing its more important tunes. The repertoire varies from seventeen
to twenty tunes, which are basically the same as those that appear under
the same name in the Church Hymnary or the Scottish Psalter. Melodic
modifications do occur in some of the tunes in the process of adaptation
to Gaelic modal patterns, but these are not to be taken as the only cause
of the unaccustomed listener's confusion as he tries to link the printed
tune with the Gaelic version. There is no clear break between the precentor's
chant and the beginning or end of the original musical text; the singing is
very slow, possibly to convey the solemnity of the occasion even if the psalm
is a joyful one; and passing notes and grace notes are introduced to
decorate the basic melody - but not to the extent of obscuring it, and the
precentor's voice should keep the congregation together on the basic notes,
which coincide with the beginnings of syllables."
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